dates de séjour
projet de recherche
Nouvelle histoire de la psychologie moderne
Why to write a new one? My motivation is based on several factors. First, I am trying to write a book that starts from a more multicentric vision of social science than usually presented. I situate developments of psychology in the framework other social sciences (anthropology, sociology, education , linguistics) and philosophical disciplines (logic, philosophy of science) as well as relate them to developments in natural science, mainly biology. As a second point, the book shows that European psychology was continuously present and active even after the early decades. In the usual treatment, psychology is seen from the 1920s on more and more Americo-centric.
Regarding the new social and biological theories of the mind the book tries to bring most of its substantial innovations providing chapters on the early social reductionist followers of Durkheim (such as Charles Blondel and Maurice Halbwachs), and the social debates about relativism in Lévy-Bruhl, early Piaget, the beginnings of ethology, the language based approaches of Karl Bühler and Lev Vygotsky, the importance of different early schools regarding the nature of human development.
A related substantial "new message" concerns a broader than usual treatment of the early impact of Darwinism not only on individual differences and American functionalism, but on early evolutionary treatments of cognition in Ernst Mach, James Baldwin, J. Piaget, Karl Bühler and its continuation in the evolutionary epistemology of Popper and Donald Campbell.
A further reason for writing the book concerns the issue of explanatory models in human and social sciences. The standard overall treatments still take an almost entirely internalist attitude, i.e. talking merely about the seemingly inherent changes of theories. I am trying to redress the balance in this regard, emphasizing a balance of the three layers determining the development of psychology: the intellectual, the personal, and the social should be treated together, as aspects of the real life of the scientist.
Cette résidence a bénéficié d'une aide de l'État gérée par l'Agence nationale de la recherche dans le cadre des programmes d'Investissements d'avenir au titre du Laboratoire d'excellence RFIEA+.
Csaba Pléh is a psychologist, linguist, neurologist, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and member of the Academia Europae. He is Professor of psychology at Eszterházy College, (Eger, Hungary).
Csaba Pléh's main research topics are history of cognitive approaches in different domains (philosophy, psychology, biology, linguistics), psychology of language including both language processing and language development. Lately, his specific interest has become the study of language development in impaired populations, especially in Williams syndrome and developmental language retardation.