dates de séjour
projet de recherche
Croisades et Djihad
My research project examines a number of works on jihad produced in Syria during the Crusader period, and which have not been used in modern scholarship on the Muslim response to the Crusades or jihad in Islam. The project has four aspects.
First, I will survey these works, analyze their introductions and broad topics they cover, and determine the jihad vision they promote. Second, I will examine the
involvement of rulers in the commissioning and promotion of these works. Third, I will study the scholars who produced them, determine what influenced them and how their jihad works influenced later scholars. And fourth, I will investigate the maneuvering of Muslim rulers who pursued diplomatic overtures with local Crusader and European leaders yet actively sponsored scholars to produce and disseminate militant visions of jihad against Crusaders and fellow Muslims.
Suleiman Ali MOURAD is Professor of Religion at Smith College, USA. His research focuses on Qur'anic Studies, Jihad ideology during the Crusader period, symbolism of Jerusalem in Islam, and the presentation of Mary and Jesus in the Qur'an and Islamic scholarship. He is the author of Early Islam between Myth and History (Brill, 2006), co-editor of Jerusalem: Idea and Reality (Routledge, 2008), and co-author of The Intensification and Reorientation of Sunni Jihad Ideology in the Crusader Period (forthcoming by Brill, 2012). He has received numerous fellowships and grants, including the National Endowment for the Humanities and Mellon Foundation. He has B.S. (Mathematics) and M.A. (History) from the American University of Beirut, and M.Phil. (Religion) and Ph.D. (Arabic & Islamic Studies) from Yale University. He is also the current President of Middle East Medievalists (MEM), a scholarly organization of specialists in the study of the history of the Middle East.